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BACHELOR OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOVASCULAR SONOGRAPHY

3240 Clock Hours / 190 Quarter Credit Hours / 36 months


PROGRAM OBJECTIVES

Graduates of the Diagnostic Cardiovascular Sonography program will:

1. Demonstrate a commitment to the field of Cardiovascular Sonography, including:

· Vascular sonography

· Diseases of the heart

· Preventative and screening protocols

· Diagnostic evaluation of adult congenital heart defects

· The role of cardiovascular sonographers in special cardiac imaging procedures

2. Demonstrate introductory level knowledge of arts and humanities and social and behavioral sciences.

3. Read and listen with understanding and express oneself effectively in written and spoken English.

4. Demonstrate problem-solving techniques in the basic concepts and principles of the biological and physical sciences.

5. Solve mathematical and computational problems.

6. Relate anatomy and physiology to the field of cardiovascular sonography.

7. Demonstrate entry level clinical knowledge, skills, and attitudes in the care of patients undergoing cardiac ultrasound procedures.

8. Demonstrate a commitment to ethics and professionalism.

9. Be prepared to sit for registry exams.

10. Be eligible for an entry level position as an ultrasound technologist.

11. Develop skills for lifelong learning.


GENERAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS

60 units total consisting of:

Written Communication - WCOM101

This course is designed to empower students to write effectively. Students will learn to evaluate their audience, choose topics and organize their ideas and materials. They will practice writing a first draft, editing and proof reading their work for errors. Additionally, students will undertake a research project following a systematic process.

Oral Communication - OCOM101

This course is designed to empower students to speak effectively in a public forum.  Students will learn public speaking contexts, topic selection, audience analysis and ethical communication. Students will practice organizing and outlining ideas, constructing introductions and conclusions, and utilizing presentational aids. Students will deliver three speeches in this class; to include one demonstration speech, one informative speech, and one persuasive speech.

Medical Terminology - MT102

This course is a comprehensive review of medical terminology. Word analysis will be explained and demonstrated. Terminology relating to anatomy and physiology as well as pathology will be discussed. The course will explore the completion of medical reports and communication with other medical professionals. 

Algebra - ALG103

Student interests are engaged with an overview of basic algebra. This is a comprehensive review of math topics including linear equations, exponents, quadratic equations, and graphing of linear equations.

Anatomy and Physiology I - AP I 104

In this course, students will learn the chemical basis of life, cellular metabolism, and the different types of tissues that comprise the human body. The structure and function of the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems of the human body will be taught. 

Ethics and Leadership - ETH201

This course will provide an introduction to professionalism, ethics and leadership. Students will be trained in the seven mindsets of the Power of Professionalism by Bill Wiersma. Students will explore the ethical responsibilities of leadership, moral choice and its impact on organizations. 

Introduction to Psychology - PSY202

This is a general overview course focusing on the scientific study of both the behavioral and mental processes of human beings.  More specifically, we will be covering the history of psychology and scientific thought, the biological basis of behavior, research methodology and statistics, sensation and perception, states of consciousness, memory, language, intelligence, developmental psychology, personality, learning patterns, biological and developmental processes, motivation and emotion, stress, psychopathology, and social behaviors. Core skills needed for developing emotional intelligence will also be discussed.

Introduction to Biology - BIO203

This course introduces the student to biology. Organisms are studied from their behavioral, ecological, hereditary and evolutionary perspectives.  Topics include: cellular life and reproduction, genetics, biological diversity, animal and plant form and function, and ecology. Students explore the relevance of biology to contemporary issues in human society.

Anatomy and Physiology II - AP II 204

In this course, students will learn the structure and function of the nervous, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, Immune and lymphatic systems of the human body. Electrical and chemical reactions, transport of substances, and defense mechanisms of the human body will be studied.

Introduction to General Physics - PHY301

In this course, students will discuss the concepts of physics. Particular emphasis will be placed on measurements and standards in length, mass, and time. Physics of motion in both one and two dimensions will be covered. The laws of motion, energy, momentum and collisions are explained. We will cover states of matter and thermodynamics, and will study waves considering sound, reflection and refraction of light. 

Art History - ART302

This course is designed to give students an appreciation of the human form in art. Art and the human form have long been studied by early physicians and artists, which leads to a greater understanding of the human body. We will start in the Renaissance period with Leonard Di Vinci and move through the ages until we reach the millennium and the digital age. We will discuss the social and political environments unique to each time period and their affect on the artist.

Pathology - Path303

This course teaches a systems approach to categorize human diseases and other health conditions.  Students will review case studies of selected major health problems and develop effective methods of clinical assessment and disease management. Students will strengthen their medical vocabulary; practice critical thinking skills and document case study findings.

Anatomy and Physiology III - AP III 304

In this course, students will learn the structure and function of the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive systems of the human body. Nutrition and metabolism, water, electrolyte, and acid base balance will be discussed. Pregnancy, growth, and development will be studied. Students will also be introduced to the study of genetics and genomics. 


CORE CURRICULUM REQUIREMENTS / TECHNICAL COURSEWORK

98 units total consisting of:

Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation Lecture - PHY200

Through discussion, the properties of sound physics and machine instrumentation will be addressed. Students will gain a deeper understanding of the interactions of ultrasound within the human body and the proper use of ultrasound applications. Emphasis will be placed on ultrasound theory, parts of the machine, transducer construction/ function and Doppler principles.

Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation Clinical/laboratory - PHY200L

Students will learn “knobology” by scanning predetermined protocols that afford manipulation of specific knobs and machine function. Emphasis is placed on the technical aspects of scanning and applying the principles of physics.

Vascular Sonography Lecture - VAS201

Student interests are engaged with this challenging series on vascular anatomy, physiology, hemodynamics and disease of the vascular system. Emphasis is placed on intra/extra-cranial vessels as well as vessels of the upper and lower extremity arterial and venous systems. Doppler, Bernoulli’s Principle, Poiseuille’s Law and relative statistics complete this course study.

Vascular Sonography Clinical/laboratory - VAS201L

Students learn with a hands-on approach to perform ultrasound on cerebral carotids and vessels of the upper and lower extremity both arterial and venous.  Doppler waveforms and spectral analysis, as well as initial impressions are taught. ABI’s, blood pressure, and intima medial thickness are explained.

Cardiovascular Sonography A Lecture - CAR202

In lecture students will explore the anatomy, physiology, embryology and pathology of the cardiovascular system. Doppler principles including color flow mapping, color M-mode and tissue Doppler will also be emphasized.

Cardiovascular Sonography A Clinical/laboratory - CAR202L

This clinical/laboratory course is an introduction to Doppler principles, velocities, pathology and basic ultrasound physics. Emphasis will be placed on normal anatomy and disease state conditions. M-mode and measurements of valve area will be demonstrated. Students will receive hands on training in the clinical/laboratory performing echocardiograms on fellow students by utilizing scanning protocol standards. Students will learn probe manipulation for optimal visualization of anatomy.

Cardiovascular Sonography B Clinical/laboratory - CAR203L

This clinical/laboratory course will continue with Doppler Principles and explore pathophysiology of the heart. Extensive focus will be put on diastolic and systolic function as well as the hemodynamics of echocardiography. Students will recognize congenital heart defects, murmurs and equations to determine severity. They will learn to incorporate velocity measurements and implement calculation to document overall mechanical function. This modality will provide hands on training in the clinical/laboratory. Students will perform echocardiograms on fellow students by utilizing scanning protocol standards.

Adult Congenital Heart Defects Lecture - CAR204

This is an advanced echocardiography course offering comprehensive training in specialized techniques. Students will learn diagnostic evaluation of congenital heart disease in the adult (CHD by echocardiography). Students will learn to analyze congenital cardiac malformations. Complex lesions will be defined, discussed and reviewed in relation to the adult patient. Emphasis is placed on understanding the underlying diagnosis, and understanding the repairs that subsequently follow. Special scanning techniques will be discussed to help students obtain the best imaging with these difficult to image patients.

Adult Congenital Heart Defects Clinical/laboratory - CAR204L

This is an advanced echocardiography course offering comprehensive training in specialized techniques. Students will learn diagnostic evaluation of congenital heart disease in the adult (CHD by echocardiography). Students will learn to analyze congenital cardiac malformations. Complex lesions will be defined, discussed and reviewed in relation to the adult patient. Emphasis is placed on understanding the underlying diagnosis, and understanding the repairs that subsequently follow. Special scanning techniques will be discussed to help students obtain the best imaging with these difficult to image patients. Views that will be practiced include right parasternal views, high left parasternal views, and subcostal views for meso and dextrocardiac patients. 

Advanced Vascular Lecture - AVAS300

This lecture course will take the student to the upper levels of advanced vascular. The ultrasound scanning protocols will include radio frequency ablation of the superficial veins, IMT (Intima Media Thickness), renal insufficiency, penile Doppler and diabetes evaluation. A particular emphasis will be placed on carotid examination and disease state, intracranial study and disease, and lower extremity vascular study and disease.  Students will also study vein mapping for surgical interventions, graft studies, upper vascular, renal failure with inclusion of hemodialysis and the study of patients with diabetes and pathology due to the disease.

Advanced Vascular Clinical/laboratory - AVAS300L

In the clinical/laboratory the student will perform bilateral carotid artery Duplex examination, transcranial Doppler (TCD), bilateral lower extremity arterial and venous Duplex examination, and bilateral upper extremity arterial and venous Duplex examination. Arterial segmental pressures of upper and lower extremities will be introduced. The student will also perform mesenteric Duplex examination, renal artery Duplex, aorto-iliac Duplex and venous valvular incompetence Duplex examinations. The student will also perform bilateral lower and upper extremity vein mapping.

Advanced Anatomy and Invasive Procedures Lecture - AAIP402

This is an advanced echocardiography course which focuses on the role of cardiac sonographers in performing special cardiac imaging procedures.  Students will learn the fundamentals as well as the basic techniques of transesophageal imaging, IV insertion and contrast media, cardiac resynchronization therapy, pacemaker optimization settings, strain rate, stress echocardiography, chemical stress testing, echo guided biopsy and catheter lab procedures for interventional echocardiography. 

Advanced Anatomy and Invasive Procedures

Clinical/laboratory - AAIP402L

In this advanced clinical/laboratory course, students will practice the specialized cardiac imaging procedures they discussed in lecture. Phantoms will be used to teach invasive procedures such as, transesophogeal imaging and IV insertion.  Students will actively participate in stress echocardiographic examinations.  Students will gain competency with normal coronary artery distribution and anomalies.  With practice students will become confident in recognizing coronary artery disease while performing stress echo testing. 


EXTERNSHIP

32 units total consisting of:

Externship A - EXT410A

Externship involves the direct interaction of the student within a specific medical environment. The student is assigned to a hospital, imaging center, clinic, or other environment in which ultrasound is performed on patients. Students observe and, when allowed by a supervisor, may perform a portion of the exam. This module serves to assist the student in making a successful transition from the school environment to a clinical setting. Students will write reports, present findings, and further explore pathologies.

Externship B - EXT410B

Externship involves the direct interaction of the student within a specific medical environment. The student is assigned to a hospital, imaging center, clinic, or other environment in which ultrasound is performed on patients. Students observe and, when allowed by a supervisor, may perform a portion of the exam. This module serves to assist the student in making a successful transition from the school environment to a clinical setting. Students will write reports, present findings, and further explore pathologies.


FEDERAL PROGRAM DISCLOSURES
Important Information - Gainful Employment disclosure for this program